John Cale | Artist
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John Davies Cale OBE is a Welsh musician, composer, singer, songwriter and record producer born 1942 in Garnant, Wales. Cale was a founding member of the Velvet Underground along with Lou Reed, both coming from a proto-Punk band called The Primitives. Cale is a classically trained Viola player as well as one of the early practitioners of avant-garde minimalism in rock music. He produced many seminal albums for artists such as Patti Smith, Nico, The Stooges, Squeeze and Nick Drake. He has also collaborated with artists such as Chris Spedding, Nico, Brian Eno, Lou Reed and Terry Riley. Cale studied music at Goldsmiths College, University of London, before relocating in 1963 to New York City's downtown music scene, where he performed as part of La Monte Young's Theatre of Eternal Music. Despite his background in art music and the avant-garde, Cale also enjoyed rock music. In 1965 he co-founded the Velvet Underground with Lou Reed, recruiting his flatmate Angus MacLise and Reed's college friend Sterling Morrison to complete the initial line-up. Cale was central to VU's sound on their first two seminal albums; Velvet Underground & Nico, and White Light/White Heat. He also rejoined the band in 1992 for the reunion performances and recording Live MCMXCIII. Although Cale was forced out of VU by Reed, the pair would later collaborate on the Any Warhol dedication Songs for Drella (1990). Cale also work extensively with guitarist Chris Spedding on many of his best solo works. Outstanding solo albums include Vintage Violence, The Academy in Peril, Fear, Slow Dazzle, Helen of Troy, Music for a New Society, Fragments of a Rainy Season and the early masterpiece Paris 1919. Cale also recorded several excellent collaborative works including Church of Anthrax with Terry Riley, Songs for Drella with Lou Reed, and Wrong Way Up with Brian Eno. Cale's second wife was Cynthia "Cindy" Wells, better known as Miss Cindy of the band GTO's. Cale was appointed an OBE in the 2010 Queen's Birthday Honours.
Artist Website: john-cale.com
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